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Ugandans will remain poor until they own their bank

Customers inside Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB), Jinja road

Customers inside Kenya Commercial Bank (KCB), Jinja road

One of the most blatant aims of new colonialism (neocolonialism) is to ensure that Africans are denied access and control of capital. The evidence is overwhelming.

It started in 1987 when the World Bank financed consultants to do “diagnostic” studies of locally-owned banks: Bank of Uganda, Uganda Development Bank, Cooperative Bank and Uganda Commercial Bank.

The findings were that all these banks were poorly managed, insolvent and candidates for restructuring, closure and privatization. The financial sector reform that ensued is discussed in my book: Advancing the Ugandan Economy, published by the Brookings Institution in 2014.

Following the recommendations of the diagnostic studies, a far reaching financial sector reform followed. The law governing the Bank of Uganda was scrapped. A new one was written. The main change was to make the Bank of Uganda independent of the ministry of finance in particular and of government in general.

That is why BOU can close domestic banks as if they are private property without bothering what parliament or any other branch of government thinks. They have successfully ensured that foreign banks (read colonial banks) dominance grows and indigenous banks are harassed and closed.

This is a critical hypothesis which all patriotic Ugandans can study and accumulate the evidence to show that neocolonialism in the financial sector has increased. Everything possible has been done to deny Ugandans access to the ownership and control of capital. This, in turn, has ensured that foreign investment is favoured over domestic investment. Without capital, Ugandans are destined to be labourers. Those who are not labourers will be unemployed beggars however educated they maybe.

The rest will immigrate to the Middle East to work as slaves. Secondly, the law governing the supervision of banks was also rewritten in 2004 so as to strengthen the powers of BOU in their supervision, making it impossible for Ugandans to start a bank by increasing the capital needed beyond their means.

You need Shs 25 billion to start a commercial bank! Even those who had started earlier were made to sell to foreigners as the minimum capital required kept rising. For example, Kigezi Bank of Commerce which we had started to help in developing Kigezi area struggled to remain open when the minimum capital required was increased from Shs 2 billion to Shs 5 billion. We were forced to look for new investors both domestic and foreign.

The domestic investors brought in very little. We were lucky to get some Asians from Kenya who came in and now owned 76 per cent of the bank. Later on, when we tried to get those shares back we were dragged into the Temangalo saga, which our enemies were using to stop us from regaining control of the bank.

In the end, it was closed anyway because the neocolonial masters and their agents are determined to stop Ugandans from owning and controlling capital. Similarly, Uganda Commercial Bank was privatized because the colonialists could not bear to see Ugandans controlling such a strong bank with nearly half of all bank deposits in Uganda.

At first they gave the excuse that it was insolvent. I gave up my position as Deputy Governor and went to UCB and restructured it.  It became profitable. I was triumphant and told the World Bank that the UCB was now profitable so there was no need to privatize it.

The World Bank delegation remarked casually, to me, that “now it will fetch a better price.” That is when I realized that “insolvency” that is, lack of profitability, was just an excuse to take the bank from us. The bank had been profitable from 1965 to 1987 except for 1978 when their buildings in Masaka were destroyed in the Tanzania war.

So, the loss of those buildings was written off, resulting in an overall loss. Otherwise the bank had a history of profitability. The fact that it was government-owned had not stopped it from profitability.

Today, the four biggest banks in terms of assets in the whole world are government owned: ICBC, China Construction Bank, The Agricultural Bank of China and Bank of China. The idea that government cannot operate a profitable institution is a sickening lie.

Alongside the restructuring of the Bank of Uganda – with advisors from Washington, London and Australia - came the closure of Cooperative Bank and the restructuring of the Uganda Development Bank.

The President of Uganda resisted successfully pressure from the IMF to sell Uganda Development Bank. When I became minister of finance in 2005, I was immediately required to come up with a paper on micro finance. I moved around the country looking for examples of successful micro finance practice.

I found successful saccos and recommended that model. It was adopted by cabinet. My colleague General Salim Saleh worked with me to draft regulations for the Saccos. Before we could take them to Parliament for adoption, we were dropped from finance!  In my case, I had just been voted the best Minister of finance with GDP economic growth rates ranging from 7 per cent to 10.3 per cent, perhaps the highest on record!

Looking back, I wonder if my dismissal in 2009, when our attempts to build local capital through Saccos, was similar to my dismissal in 1996 when I was sacked from UCB for making it profitable and resisting its sale.

When we proposed Saccos as a means to increase domestic savings and credits for our people, we knew that they had to be effectively regulated. Without regulation and supervision, people’s money would be stolen.

When we left finance in 2009, the regulations were put aside until 2018 when they were finally legislated by Parliament. By then many Saccos, including the one in my parish which had once flourished and helped so many people, had failed.

Incidentally, with the new regulations, the hand of the Bank of Uganda was smuggled in and the processes of registration became more complicated. For example, before you can register a Sacco, members have to be trained by a government commercial officer.

In every case I have been involved we had to pay at least Shs 100,000 to the commercial officer as “transport” to the commercial officer to come and train us. Even in Kampala!

Herbert Sabiti’s observations about the extension of BOU into savings and profit cooperatives will see the last window of freedom to form local capital subjected to the control of the number one neocolonial agency in Uganda. The facts are clear: Bank of Uganda has the most continuous presence of foreign advisers of any institution I know of in Uganda. The impact of that advice is the closure and persecution of indigenous financial institutions.

It is clear that no Ugandan can open a bank now. The Bank of Uganda has made sure that that no longer happens. Moreover, even the few avenues that we tried to open for Ugandans such as Saccos are being closed.

The threat to our future has never been greater than it is today. The ideology that foreign capital should be given every privilege while African investment is persecuted and treated with contempt is before our eyes. We are made to see foreign investment being praised as our own businesses and lands are taken over by foreign banks because we cannot repay loans from foreign banks given to us at exorbitant interest rates.

The lies that interest rates would come down if UCB was privatized were precisely that: lies. From Congo to Cape Town, the economic fate of the Blackman is as precarious as the fate of the young men on boats in the Mediterranean Sea or the young girls traveling to the Middle East only to end up as slaves, prostitutes and organ donors.

Do not be deceived. Colonialism is not only real, it is growing and we are losing even the land we had remained with at “independence.” If you do not believe me check your parish and see how much land remains with the natives and how much has been bought by foreigners. I hope I am wrong.

The author is a former minister of Finance, Planning and Economic Development.


Comments

0 #11 Moses 2022-02-03 10:59
Thanks Dr. Ezra for your real observation
Its true that a country without its own bank has no Economy. It's time for Ugandans to join hand and we work with on going program about the Formation of National Farmers Bank.
The formula is clear without our own bank it means we have no local equity. At the moment Uganda is depending on foreign equity .this the time for Ugandans to set up an Economic or Welfare banks as it's state in article 161 and 162 of the Constitution of Uganda.
Also there is need to have an economic Parliament ,here we only depend on political Parliament whereby Mps are ever discussing political issues no body has ever talked about those two articles which govern BOU.
Uganda is soon becoming the centre of gravity for Africa
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+1 #12 Wakwaya 2022-02-03 11:38
Very discouraging. All that comes because of the fear instilled in our leaders by the globalists.

These leaders who seem not to be Ugandans the reason they surrounded our economy to foreigners.
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-1 #13 Akot 2022-02-03 15:51
sula, thanks.

So, when will Ugandans wake up to say NO to the tribalistic system & UNITE to say NO to Museveni?

Only Ugandans can give themselves chance to a different tomorrow, but only through UNITY or Museveni & family are going no where because it's Ugandans keeping them in power!
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+1 #14 Akot 2022-02-03 15:59
PaulM, thanks.

Do we still wonder why Sir E. Mutesa & Dr Obote put aside their differences, which made all other tribal leaders join the cause to ensure peaceful independence from Britain?

Ugandans MUST become ONE PEOPLE, if they want Museveni & family out, if they want to be at home in the country formed by their tribal lands, again!

Divisive opposition & tribal leaders MUST give chance to UNITY or Ugandans will be the unwanted elements in the country formed by their tribal lands!

Why are Ugandans afraid to live without Museveni & family?
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+4 #15 Zaitun 2022-02-03 19:52
It is quite evident that the wars fought by Museveni under the pretext of driving out Idi Amin, was nothing but to sell out Uganda to his friends, modern colonialists.

Obote and his friends were happy to come back but did not know that they were, according to the west, harbingers of doom.

Little did they know that Museveni had long been presented to the Queen way back in 1977 by Mobutu as a gift, the only man capable of selling out Uganda only if Idid Amin was ousted from power.

Was it for nothing that the so-called IFM economist who came and sat with and made Museveni shiver in the State House was no other than a 38 year old Pakistani?

How come the Indians and Pakistanis who were already paid all their dues, once back in Uganda, were generously rewarded by Museveni? Who are their parteners in business?

Today, the so-called Ugandans working with Museveni have adopted the same behaviour, Treason!!
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+3 #16 Zaitun 2022-02-03 20:01
Quoting umukosi:
The Doctor is right in his analysis. However, the worst is yet to come with oil proceeds. The problem still lies with the old man with a hat. ....
f Ugandans have anything left, they must make sure when he kicks the bucket, none of his family member come near any leadership.


Your worries about oil proceeds have come so late. Who wons those companies? Not france and western countries? Who tells you that the proceeds will be for Uganda?

Why do you think he wants to die in power but only to be succeeded by his son? Do not forget that the likes of Salim Saleh have disappeared from politics. No, he is in the offing to come and give hand to this bastard of a son!

Do not forget that they have shares in almost every financial business in this country while others are seated quietly in Rwanda waiting to jump on Ugandans when the situation becomes tough.
It is high ime we wake up from slumber!
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+1 #17 Kabaya 2022-02-04 21:59
Quoting Fxkabbs:
This is so painful, but I think with the evolution of new technologies especially in the financial markets, they might lose the game if at all Ugandans wake up and engage themselves in the digital world.

Cryptocurrencies will soon change the game and those who have well positioned themselves will make a fortune in the coming 10 years.

It only needs commitment to understand the concept of digital currencies to easily identify the one with future.
Thank you very much


Crypto? Stop day dreaming. Don't tell me that you are okay when people are scamming ugandans in the name of crypto..

Think of a better idea than crypto dreaming. Onecoin, dagcoin, etc. All fake
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0 #18 Henry Baisi 2022-02-08 15:25
.... Ugandans will stop being poor if they set up or own their own Bank....said the good professor. We are very poor in Busoga, I should set up a bank in Busembatya.

When I do, all the Basoga will stop being poor! What a brilliant idea!
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0 #19 Eric L 2022-02-08 18:53
This is a very unfortunate article from a said savedee, and a former minister.

1. It was during his time that quack SACCOs were licensed. These managed to get their hands into the micro-finance loans with all indicators of corruption.

2. His tribal picture of the Ugandan economy could only allow him sample banyakigezi bank yet there are many hard-working Ugandans doing better than that kabale thing including Centenary and DFCU.

These guys sat out against Teefe and Sembule bank unfortunately.

Suruma just seems a regime play man that seems to prepare weak minds for excuses of what these g00ns have done to this country in all sectors.
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0 #20 Eric L 2022-02-08 19:02
Do those that have amassed Ugandan's monies already own their bank!!!
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