The UN agency is equally calling for a transformative shift in how businesses and governments invest in policies and practices that support healthy brain development and strengthen the bond between parents and their children.
Unicef believes that the lack of such policies compromises parents’ ability to securely bond with their babies in the first critical years of life – a time when the combination of the right nourishment, a loving environment and stimulating care can strengthen their developing brain and give them the best start in life.
In Uganda, all female employees are entitled to 60 working days (three months or 12 weeks) of fully paid maternity leave to facilitate post-natal recovery and deal with the fragile newborn babies. fathers are entitled to only four days of paternity leave.
Unicef now recommends at least six months of paid leave for all parents combined, with 18 weeks reserved specifically for mothers. The suggestion by Unicef would push maternity leave to not less than four months for Ugandan mothers.
According to the Unicef policy brief, a longer leave will help promote exclusive breastfeeding as recommended by global endorsed standards and reduce infant mortality rates by at least 13 per cent.
At the moment, only 42 countries have national policies that provide parents and caregivers with time and resources to care for their children. The time includes up to six months of paid maternity leave and four weeks of paid paternity leave. Earlier in June, Uganda Breweries Limited (UBL) officially started granting its female employees up to 6 months of fully paidale employees a full month of paternity leave.
The agency is also recommending that companies provide regular breaks during working hours for mothers to breastfeed their babies in order to reduce rates of acute infant and chronic child illness as well as improved cognitive and educational outcomes.
Unicef executive director Henrietta Fore is optimistic that the shift will reduce postnatal depression among mothers, improve physical health and reduce the lifetime risk of breast cancer.
“The gains of family-friendly policies far outweigh the cost of implementation: improved health outcomes, reductions in poverty, increased business productivity, and economic growth,” Henrietta asserted.
Unicef also called for universal access to affordable, quality childcare from the end of parental leave until a child’s entry into the first grade of school is the brief’s third recommendation. It stated that children who receive quality and nurturing early childcare are healthier, learn better and stay in school longer, and have higher earnings as adults.
The brief also calls for expanded coverage of cash benefits saying these should be part of all countries’ social protection system for young children. The majority of children in the poorest countries do not yet receive cash benefits to support their development.